Periodontitis is the most common form of periodontal disease that affects about 75 percent of all Americans aged over 35 years. The condition refers similarly to both sexes. This is triggered by inflammation and gum infection, which is characterized by loss of bone across the teeth. Signs that appear as early as puberty but the disorder is mostly diagnosed in the fourth or fifth decade of existence due to its chronic, systemic nature. Checkout Sacramento Family & Implant Dentistry.
The infection begins eroding the jawbone which protects the teeth over time and without treatment. Erosion weakens the ligaments (attachments) and loosens the teeth, which may ultimately come out of themselves or need to be replaced. Deep, plaque-filled pockets may lead to a foul taste in the mouth, and are quite difficult to clean. If the disease advances, the teeth’s uncovered root surfaces are very prone to both heat and cold. In fact, the root surfaces exposed lose defensive enamel, and are more likely to develop cavities.
Types of periodontitis
Five varieties occur, but the most severe is recurrent periodontitis. Here is a brief description of each:
1) Chronic Periodontitis-This type includes the slowly developing periodontal pockets. It is further categorized into localized or generic modes of damage, as well as mild, moderate, or extreme volume.
2) Severe periodontitis-This type includes the removal of periodontal connection at the patient’s age at a rapid rate. It is further categorized into localized or generic modes of damage, as well as mild, moderate, or extreme volume. It is mostly seen in puberty, and may occur in communities. An intrinsic deficiency in the immune system may be involved.
3) Periodontitis as a Symptom of Infectious Disease — Patients with other blood disorders (e.g. leukemia) or inherited conditions (e.g. Down syndrome) are more prone to experience periodontitis. It is also attributed to the reduced body capacity to resist infection (immunosuppression).
4) Necrotizing Ulcerative Periodontitis (NUP)-This type is correlated with a sudden onset of pain and bone deterioration, gum ulcerations and breathlessness. A major factor is obesity, internal tension, alcohol, lack of sleep and general loss of capacity to combat infection. NUP was dubbed the “trench head,” because it was used in soldiers coming back from World War I trenches.
5) Endodontic lesion-associated periodontitis-when a tooth becomes compromised and needs a root canal, or endodontic treatment, bone damage can occur at the root tip.